MSDS Sheets Natural Sand and Gravel
Material Safety Data Sheet
(Natural Sand or Gravel)
Supplier Name: Kaw Valley Sand and Gravel
Address: 5600 Kansas Ave., Kansas City, Ks 66106
Trade Name: Sand or Gravel Molecular Weight: N/A
Synonyms: Construction Aggregate DOT Identification No: None
Chemical Name: Natural Sand or Gravel Chemical Formula: N/A2. PRODUCT AND COMPONENT DATA Component(s) Chemical Name CAS Registry No. % (Approx) Exposure Limits
Natural Sand* or Gravel* None 100 See section 6 *Composition varies naturally â€“ typically
contains quartz (crystalline silica). 14808-60-7 â€º1
3. PHYSICAL DATA
Specific Gravity: 2.55 â€“ 2.80
Boiling point (At 1 Atm.): N/A
Vapor Density in Air (Air = 1): N/A
Vapor Pressure (mmHg @ 20
% Volatile, By Volume: 0%
Evaporation Rate (at 1Atm, and 25
Solubility in Water: Negligible
Appearance and odor: Angular or round multicolored particles. No odor. oC): 0 oC; n-butyl acetate = 1): 04. REACTIVITY DATA
Conditions to Avoid: Avoid contact with incompatible materials (see below).
Incompatibility (materials to avoid): Contact with powerful oxidizing agents such as fluorine, boron trifluoride, chlorine trifluoride, manganese trifluoride, and oxygen difluoride may cause fire and/or explosion. Silica dissolves readily in hydrofluoric acid producing a corrosive gas â€“ silicon tetrafluoride.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Silica-containing respirable dust particles may be generated by handling.
Hazardous Polymerization: Not known to polymerize
Stability: Stable5. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA
Flammable Limits in Air: Not Flammable
Extinguishing Agents: None required
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Contact with powerful oxidizing agents may cause fire and/or explosions (see section 4 of this MSDS).
Flashpoint (Method used): Not flammable6. TOXICITY AND FIRST AID
Un less speci fied other wise, limits are expressed as eight-hour time-weighted aver ages (TWA). Limits for cristobalite and tridymite (other forms of crystal line silica) are equal to one-half of the limits for quartz.
ABBREVIATIONS: TLV = threshold limit value of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH); MSHA PEL = permissible exposure limit of the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA); OSHA PEL= permissible exposure limit of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA); mg/m
EXPOSURE LIMITS (When exposure to this product and other chemicals is concurrent, the exposure limit must be defined in the workplace.) 3 = milligrams of substance per cubic meter of air.25
Other Particulates: 2001 ACGIH TLVÂ® = 10mg/m
Respirable Crystalline Silica (SiO
Total dust, respirable and nonrespirable: 1973 ACGIH TLVÂ® = 30mg/m
Total Dust: MSHA PEL = 10mg/m3 (for nuisance particulates listed in Appendix E of the 1973 ACGIH TLVÂ® booklet).
Per ACGIH, adverse effects are not likely to occur in the workplace provided exposure levels do not exceed the appropriate TLVs/PELs. However, because of the wide variation in individual susceptibility, lower exposure limits may be appropriate for some individuals including persons with pre-existing medical conditions such as those described below.
3 (inhalable/total particulate, not otherwise specified), 2001 ACGIH TLVÂ® = 3mg/m3 (respirable particulate, not otherwise specified); OSHA PEL = 15mg/m3 (total particulate, not otherwise regulated), OSHA PEL = 5mg/m3 (respirable particulate, not otherwise regulated). 2 /quartz): ACGIH TLVÂ® = 0.05mg/m3; MSHA and OSHA PEL = 10mg/m3 Ã· (%SiO2 + 2) for respirable dust containing crystalline silica. 3 Ã· (%quartz + 3).
Medical Conditions Aggravated By Exposure:
Inhaling respirable dust and/or crystalline silica may aggravate existing respiratory system disease(s) and/or dysfunction. Exposure to dust may aggravate existing skin and/or eye conditions.
Primary Route(s) of Exposure
EYE CONTACT: Direct contact with dust may cause irritation by mechanical abrasion. SKIN CONTACT: Direct contact may cause irritation by mechanical abrasion. SKIN ABSORPTION: Not expected to be a significant exposure route. INGESTION: Expected to be practically non-toxic. Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation and blockage. INHALATION: Dusts may irritate the nose, throat, and respiratory tract by mechanical abrasion. Coughing, sneezing, and shortness of breath may occur following exposures in excess of appropriate exposure limits.
Use of natural sand and gravel for construction purposes is not believed to cause additional acute toxic effects. However, repeated overexposures to very high levels of respirable crystalline silica (quartz, cristobalite, tridymite) for periods as short as six months have caused acute silicosis. Acute silicosis is a rapidly progressive, incurable lung disease that is typically fatal. Symptoms include (but are not limited to): shortness of breath, cough, fever, weight loss, and chest pain.
EYES: Immediately flush eye(s) with plenty of clean water for at least 15 minutes, while holding the eyelid(s) open. Occasionally lift the eyelid(s) to ensure thorough rinsing. Beyond flushing, do not attempt to remove material from the eye(s). Contact a physician if irritation persists or later develops. SKIN: Wash with soap and water. Contact a physician if irritation persists or later develops. INGESTION: If person is conscious, give large quantity of water and induce vomiting; however, never attempt to make an unconscious person drink or vomit. Get immediate medical attention. INHALATION: Move to fresh air. Dust in throat and nasal passages should clear spontaneously. Contact a physician if irritation persists or later develops.
For emergencies, contact Alan R. Teutemacher 913-596-9752
Prolonged and repeated inhalation of respirable crystalline silica-containing dust in excess of appropriate exposure limits has caused silicosis, a lung disease. Not all individuals with silicosis will exhibit symptoms (signs) of the disease. However, silicosis can be progressive, and symptoms can appear at any time, even years after exposure has ceased. Symptoms of silicosis may include, but are not limited to, the following: shortness of breath; difficulty breathing with or without exertion; coughing; diminished work capacity; diminished chest expansion; reduction of lung volume; right heart enlargement and/or failure. Smoking may increase the risk of developing lung disorders, including emphysema and lung cancer. Persons with silicosis have an increased risk of pulmonary tuberculosis infection. Respirable dust containing newly broken silica particles has been shown to be more hazardous to animals in laboratory tests than respirable dust containing older silica particles of similar size. Respirable silica particles which had aged for sixty days or more showed less lung injury in animals than equal exposures of respirable dust containing newly broken particles of silica. There are reports in the literature suggesting that excessive crystalline silica exposure may be associated with adverse health effects involving the kidney, scleroderma (thickening of the skin caused by swelling and thickening of fibrous tissue) and other autoimmune disorders. However, this evidence has been obtained primarily from case reports involving individuals working in high exposure situations or those who have already developed silicosis; and therefore, this evidence does not conclusively prove a causal relationship between silica or silicosis and these adverse health effects.
Several studies of persons with silicosis also indicate an increased risk of developing lung cancer, a risk that increases with the duration of exposure. Many of these studies of silicotics do not account for lung cancer confounders, especially smoking. Sand or gravel is not listed as a carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer PAC), the National Toxicology Program (NTP), or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). In October 1996, an IARC Working Group re-assessing crystalline silica, a component of this product, designated respirable crystalline silica as carcinogenic (Group 1). The NTP’S Report on Carcinogens. 9th edition, lists respirable crystalline silica as a “known human carcinogen.” In year 2000, the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) listed respirable crystalline silica (quartz) as a suspected human carcinogen (A-2). These classifications are based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in certain experimental animals and on selected epidemiological studies of workers exposed to crystalline silica.
7. PERSONAL PROTECTION AND CONTROLS
For respirable quartz levels that exceed or are likely to exceed an 8-hr TWA of 0.1mg/m3, a NIOSH approved dust respirator is recommended. For respirable quartz levels that exceed or are likely to exceed an 8-hr TWA of 0.5mg/m3, a NIOSH approved HEPA filter respirator is recommended. If respirable quartz levels exceed or are likely to exceed an 8-hr TWA of 5mg/m3, a NIOSH approved positive pressure, full face respirator or equivalent is recommended. Respirator use must comply with applicable MSHA or OSHA standards, which include provisions for a user training program, respirator repair and cleaning, respirator fit testing, and other requirements.
Local exhaust or general ventilation adequate to maintain exposures below appropriate exposure limits.
See “Hygiene” section below.
Safety glasses with side shields should be worn as minimum protection. Dust goggles should be worn when excessively (visible) dusty conditions are present or are anticipated.
Wash dust-exposed skin with soap and water before eating, drinking, smoking, and using toilet facilities. Wash work clothes after each use.
Other Control Measures
Respirable dust and quartz levels should be monitored regularly. Dust and quartz levels in excess of appropriate exposure limits should be reduced by all feasible engineering controls, including (but not limited to) wet suppression, ventilation, process enclosure, and enclosed employee work stations.
8. STORAGE AND HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
Follow the personal protection and controls set forth in Section 7 of this MSDS when handling this product. Respirable crystalline silica-containing dust may be generated during processing, handling, and storage.
Do not store near food and beverages or smoking materials.
This product is not intended or designed for use as an abrasive blasting medium or for foundry applications, and should not be used for these purposes.9.
SPILL, LEAK AND DISPOSAL PRACTICESSteps to be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled
The personal protection and controls identified in Section 7 of the MSDS should be used as appropriate. Spilled material, where dust can be generated, may overexpose cleanup personnel to respirable crystalline silica-containing dust. Wetting of spilled material and/or use of respiratory protective equipment may be necessary. Do not dry sweep spilled material.
Prevent spilled materials from inadvertently entering streams, drains, or sewers.
For emergencies, contact Alan R. Teutemacher 913-915-7444
Waste Disposal MethodPick up and reuse clean materials. Dispose of waste materials only in accordance with applicable federal, state,
and local laws and regulations.
DOT Hazard Classification:
NonePlacard Required: NoneLabel Required: Label as required by the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard [29 CFR 1910.1200 (f) andapplicable state and local laws and regulations.For Further Information Contact:
Place here the name, address, and telephone number of the operator orresponsible party who can provide more info about the hazardous chemical.Date of Preparation:
Your companyâ€™s designated emergency contact.Notice:Kaw Valley Companies
believes the information contained herein is accurate; however,Â Kaw Valley Companies Â makes no guarantees with respect to such accuracy and assumes no liability in connection with the use of the information contained herein by any party. The provision of the information contained herein is not intended to be and should not be construed as legal advice or as ensuring compliance with any federal, state or local laws and regulations. Any party using this product should review all such laws, rules or regulations prior to use.NO WARRANTY IS MADE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR OTHERWISE.
Inhalation _Skin _Ingestion